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The Education Destination : Australia The Education Destination 2012
114 >AUSTRALIAN EDUCATION 2012 AUSTRALIA’S VALUES All Australians have the right to express their culture and beliefs. They share the values that support Australia’s way of life. These include: • mutual respect and freedom of the individual • freedom of speech and association • freedom of religion and a secular government • support for parliamentary democracy and the rule of law • equality under the law • equality of men and women • equality of opportunity • peacefulness • a spirit of egalitarianism. ACROSS AUSTRALIA >OVERVIEW Australia: A safe, multicultural society The Australian lifestyle is one of the best in the world, writes Kiri Joyce. Egalitarian, harmonious, a good work ethic but with time for leisure, Australians are a friendly people who welcome visitors from around the world. Asone of Australia’s famous poets Dorothea Mackellar once wrote, Australia is a land of sweeping plains, ragged mountain ranges, jewel seas, and soft dim skies. Known as the ‘sunburnt country’, Australia has a unique landscape from the red desert sands of Central Australia to the lush Daintree rainforest in Queensland; from the picturesque colonial style of Adelaide and Hobart, to the fast- paced cities of Sydney and Melbourne. Our island continent is well-known for its vast stretches of open, uninhabited space and its diverse ecosystem. Australia comprises six states: New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania; and two territories: the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory. Australia’s capital city is Canberra in the ACT. Australia is a safe, democratic country. With the second-highest human development index globally, Australia ranks highly in many international comparisons of national performance, such as quality of life, health, education, economic freedom, and the protection of civil liberties and political rights. The rich and ancient Indigenous history of Australia stretches back 50,000 years, when the Aboriginal people first appeared on the Australian continent. Aboriginal folklore centres around the ‘Dreamtime’, when humans, animals, and the land itself created the country we know today. The first Western inhabitants of Australia were British convicts, sent over in 11 ships known as the First Fleet. The first free settlers began to arrive in Australia in 1793, and in 1823, the British Government established the first Australian parliament in New South Wales. FOUR CITIES IN THE WORLD’S TOP 10 Today, Australia has a growing population of 22 million, and 70% of Australians live in its 10 largest cities. In August 2011, the Victorian capital of Melbourne was named the world’s most liveable city in a survey by the Economist Intelligence Unit. Sydney, Adelaide, and Perth also made it into the top10. Australia’s cities, Melbourne in particular, have a European feel, with a prevalent café culture, multicultural cuisine, and exciting arts and music scenes. ‘Australia ranks highly in international comparisons of national performance, such as quality of life, health, education, economic freedom, and the protection of civil liberties.’
Australia The Education Destination 2011
Australia The Education Destination 2013